King Tutankhamen

Early Life

King Tutankhamen or more famously known as King “Tut”, was born the 12th King of the 18th Egyptian dynasty in 1341 BCE. He was in power from around 1332 to 1323 before the common era. His birth name, Tutankhaten meant “the living image of Aten” which he later changed to Tutankhamen meaning “the living image of Amun”.

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This painting was found on King Tut’s southern wall in his burial chamber, to the left of him is the God Anubis and on the right is the Goddess Hathor.

http://kingtutone.com/tutankhamun/tomb/burial/

Early Life Continued.

Because of his father, Egypt at the time was in a lot of trouble politically and socially around the time he was born. His father, Akhenaten wanted his people to only worship the god Aten and forbid all other worship of gods. This shifted the power from the priests to local government authorities and military commanders in the city. Chaos spurted within the society because his father was focusing all his efforts into a religious transformation causing him to shift his focus away from domestic and foreign affairs. . Akhenaten was later kicked out from his reign and his son King Tut took his place in power in 1332 BCE.

Rising into Power

The year he came into power he married his half sister birthing two daughters, but sadly they passed away early due to illnesses. Due to his young age when he assumed power, his first years of reign were controlled by an elder named Ay, who ultimately raised him. In this time, not many people were worshiping Aten, the God his father admired, and there was a shift back to the traditional polytheistic belief. During his reign he was known to be a astute archer, but didn’t see any time in the military. His mission was to bring back the previous religious order and had also completed the red granite lions at Soleb.

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The Red Granite lion at Soleb. King Tut’s name was at the base of this sculpture but was later removed.

http://www.britishmuseum.org/research/collection_online/collection_object_details.aspx?objectId=117626&partId=1&searchText=granite+head+amenhotep+III&page=1

Death and Burial

At such a young age, King Tut died at 19 years. His wife was in search of a husband and eventually married Ay, who was behind the scenes, controlling all power at the time. They mummified his body in traditional fashion, but because of his short time in rule it was done hastily and in a smaller tomb . 70 days after his death, his tomb was sealed and no known records were were found after, even losing the location of his tomb.

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The entrance to King Tut’s tomb.

Discovery

In 1922, His tomb was discovered by British archeologist Howard Carter. King Tut is most famous for his intact tomb. Inside his tomb laid painted murals of his funeral and journey into the afterlife. Along side the paintings, artifacts such as perfumes, oils, and childhood toys were all still there.

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The final coffin made out of gold.

http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2016/03/scans-king-tut-tomb-unveil-hidden-rooms-160317092902209.html

Struck Gold!

What the archeologists found inside his tomb blew them away. They found his sarcophagus which had three layers of coffins, one inside the other. The final coffin was made of gold and contained his mummy which had been preserved for over 3,000 years! Other priceless artifacts were found inside his coffin such as bracelets, collars, and rings.

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Photographed by Kenneth Garrett. An up-close picture of King Tut’s gold coffin.

http://news.nationalgeographic.com/2015/11/151124-tut-biography-egypt-tomb-archaeology/

References

 

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