Nelson Mandela, South Africa’s visionary leader, lived from July 18, 1918 until December 5, 2013. He was born in Mvezo, South Africa as a member of the Thembu Royal Family. He went on to study law at the University of Fort Hare and University of the Witwatersrand.
Mandela was mostly known for his role in the Anti-Apartheid movement that took place in South Africa. This movement was a revolution against institutionalized racism that black citizens were suffering from at the hands of the National Party. The National Party was a white-only government that established apartheid rule. Mandela whole heartedly opposed this style of government, and worked arduously to remove them from power. His opposition to the National Party included secretly joining the South African Communist Party, as well as co-founding the militant group Umkhonto Sizwe in 1961, which was focused on sabotaging the National Party, he was arrested in 1962 for attempting to overthrow the state.
Nelson Mandela was imprisoned for 27 years, only being released due to growing government fears of a civil war and increasing amounts of pressure on the government. Mandela was later awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts in 1993.
Mandela also served as the President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999. He was South Africa’s first black head of state, as well as the first democratically elected President.
Later in life, Mandela used his foundation to combat the HIV/AIDS epidemic and poverty. He received over 250 honors over the course of his life, and officially stepped out of the public eye in 2004 at the age of 85 in what he called his “Retirement from retirement.”
Featured Photo: Nelson Mandela, PHOTOGRAPHER (Unknown), SOURCE
Nelson Mandela. (2017, April 25). Retrieved April 29, 2017, from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nelson_Mandela
Learners’ biography. (n.d.). Retrieved April 29, 2017, from https://www.nelsonmandela.org/content/page/learners-biography?gclid=COre7P3zyNMCFU5bfgodqcgAkw